English Grammer

Nouns:

-----------

Name of Person, Example: man, queen, boy

Name of Animal, Example: cat, ant, butterfly

Name of Place, Example: station, school, airport

Name of Thing, Example: computer, shoes, pencil

Common Noun, Example: man, queen, school etc

Proper Noun, Example: Rajesh, India, Mohan etc

Abstract Noun

Concrete Noun 

Collective Noun, Example: bouquet, bunch, herd, crowd, box

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Adjectives, Example: tall, small, smart, dull, beautiful, ugly

Demonstrative Adjectives  

Possessive Adjectives

Interrogative Adjectives

DOSASCOMP Adjectives

Proper Adjective: indicates place where person belongs to Example: Indian, Chinese, American

Comparative Adjective

Superlative

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Verbs

Analogy

Conjunctions

FANBOYS - other coordinating conjunctions

Correlative Conjunctions

Preposition

Subject /Predicate

Agreement of Subject and Verb:

Example: The old man walks slowly; The old men walk slowly.

In first sentence the subject is singular (i.e. man)  while in second sentence subject is plural (i.e. men) so we have 'walks' in first sentence and 'walk'

 in second sentence.

 

Rule 1: When two or more singular nouns or pronouns are joined by 'and' the verb that follows the subject is a plural verb.

Example: Tina and you walk to school everyday. NOT Tina and You walks to school everyday.
 

Rule 2: When two or more singular nouns and pronouns are joined by 'with' or 'as well as' then the verb that follows the subject is a singular verb.

For Example: Kamal as well as Bina has passed NOT have passed

Rule 3: Collective Noun always takes the singular verb.

Example: The roses are pretty BUT the bouquet of roses is pretty. (Here bouquet which is collective noun has singular verb 'is')

Sentences

Sentences are basically of four types: assertive, interrogative, exclamatory and imperative.

Adverbs:

Words which tell us how an action is done or that tell us something more about a verb are known as adverbs.

For example: All the children were talking loudly in the class. (Normally you have 'ly' in adverbs)

Antonyms and Synonyms:

Antonyms are words with opposite meaning.

For example: above x below

Synonyms are words with similar meaning.

For example: accurate = correct

allow = permit

Sounds of Things:

For example: aeroplanes zoom, bells ring, peal, brakes screech

Similes:

Examples: as white as snow, as brave as lion, as alike as two peas in a pod are called similes

Acrostic Poem:

Java: Java  Jubliant Airy Virtuous American

Here for each letter of Java a poem is written which is called acrostic poem.

For and Since:

You use 'For' if you don't have to calculate the 'period of time', because you have it in the sentence.

You use 'Since' if you have to calculate the period of time, because you only have the starting point.

Example: I have lived her for two months - FOR

Example: I have lived here since 1975 - SINCE